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ONSA and UNDP collaborate to train law enforcement and security officials on observance of human rights in the prevention of violent extremism

As part of measures to review Human Rights Sensitive training manual on Prevention of Violent Extremism, as well as strengthen capacity of law enforcement and security providers in respecting human rights, the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), organized a three-day Training of Trainers Workshop on the role of Human Rights Law and Practice in the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) by security providers.  

Since the launching of the Policy Framework and National and Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Nigeria by President Muhammadu Buhari in 2017, the Office of the National Security Adviser as required by the Terrorism Prevention Act 2013, has worked with partners to provide capacity building in responding to the threat of terrorism and violent extremism. The Training Manual on Human Rights which formed the basis of the Training-of Trainers workshop is in consonance with component two (2) of the Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism which seeks to Strengthen Access to Justice, Rule of Law and Human Rights. 

The three-day workshop took place in Kaduna from 9-11 November, 2020 with thirty seven (37) participants from various training institutions of the Nigeria Police, Nigeria Correctional Service, Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, and National Drug Law Enforcement Agency. Others include representatives from National Human Rights Commission and the Counter Terrorism Centre- Office of the National Security Adviser, as well as some  security correspondents of selected media organizations. 

The Special Adviser on Strategic Communication, Barr. Zakari Mijinyawa, who represented ONSA stated that the Office has continued to implement the National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism to  strengthen capacity of various Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs). It was disclosed that the training workshop was conducted to further build capacity of law enforcement and security officials in tandem with pillar one  (1) of the PCVE Action Plan. Security Operatives were encouraged to always integrate Strategic Communications into their activities, as a first order capability.

In his remarks, an Assistant Director, Mr. Kabiru Aliyu, who represented the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) noted that the training workshop was a strategic effort by government to implement the whole of Government and whole of Society approach to counter violent extremism in the country, which forms the policy thrust of the National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism. The Assistant Director  urged participants to always strike a balance between national security imperative and the protection of human rights in line with Nigeria, regional and international right treaty obligations.  

The three-day Training of TrainersWorkshop covered different aspects of Human Rights including Human Rights and Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in Crime Investigation; Human Rights and the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in Arrest and Detention; Human Rights and the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in Use of Force and Firearms in Law Enforcement; Human Rights, Women’s Right and the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in Law Enforcement; Human Rights and the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in the Treatment of Juveniles; Human Rights and the Prevention of Violent Extremism (PVE) in Investigating Police Violations and Overview of Violent Extremism and the Prevention.

At the end of the training programme, participants concluded that human rights observance during security operations will enhance public confidence in security providers and foster community cooperation. It was also agreed that combination of law enforcement and community policing approach would yield better results in preventing violent extremism.  

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Nigeria and the United States Co-Host Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS

Nigeria and the United States of America on Tuesday 10 November 2020, co-hosted a virtual meeting of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS. The Coordinators of the National Counter Terrorism of the two (2) countries co-chaired the meeting, which was attended by delegates from the 82-member global coalition drawn from Africa, America, Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The Africa Union , European Union ECOWAS and G5 Sahel were also represented among other international and regional organizations.

The Nigeria delegation led by the National Security Adviser, Major General Babagana Monguno (retired), represented by the Coordinator of the Nigeria Counter Terrorism Centre, Rear Admiral Yaminu E.M. Musa expressed Nigeria’s commitment to the global coalition against ISIS and other terrorist groups in the world. The Coordinator noted that the challenges of global terrorism has negatively impacted virtually every facet of human endeavor, including the economy, the polity, and the lives and livelihoods of people as apparent in the Sahel, the Lake Chad Basin and parts of the North-eastern Nigeria.  

Also speaking during the opening session, Coordinator for Counterterrorism Ambassador Nathan A. Sales, who is also  designated as Special Envoy for the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, outlined the Coalition’s increasing focus on defeating ISIS’s global branches and affiliates.  Ambassador Sales expressed his appreciation to the Nigerian delegation, for co-hosting the event. 

The meeting deliberated on key issues including sessions on understanding and countering the ISIS threat. The session, moderated by U.S. Special Envoy for the Sahel Ambassador J. Peter Pham had panelists from Global Coalition members Cameroon, Chad, Guinea, Niger, and co-host Nigeria providing key perspectives on evolution of ISIS affiliates and their troubling activities in West Africa. The panelists also provided useful ways the Global Coalition could enhance efforts to curb the expanding influence of ISIS in the West Africa and the Sahel. Discussions also centered on lessons learned from the fight against ISIS in Iraq and Syria and reviewing of potential lines of efforts, including the use of battlefield evidence and border security measures and how these lessons and lines of efforts could be applied in West Africa and the Sahel.

Nigeria’s  roles in the fight against terrorism in the sub region was applauded during the virtual meeting. Particularly, the non-kinetic efforts of the country in addressing drivers of violent extremism which has led to gradual return of normalcy in the affected states. The leading role of Nigeria under President Muhammadu Buhari towards defeating terrorism in West Africa was equally commended.

The meeting noted that ISIS was undermining state authorities and peoples’ means of livelihood across the globe, particularly in Africa where more affiliates were springing up.  It was stressed that terrorists across the globe exploit some drivers, including economic imbalance and marginalization among other local grievances to penetrate the local population for radicalization and recruitment. The meeting called for more measures to counter radicalization, recruitment of gullible individuals and concerted global efforts to defeat ISIS.

At end of the meeting, the co-host, Nigeria and USA as well as the 82-member global coalition reaffirmed full commitment to defeating ISIS and other terror groups including ISWAP and Boko Haram in Nigeria. Nigeria also expressed her readiness to seek for more support and partnership within the activities and mandate of the Global Coalition against ISIS to enhance its ongoing operations against terrorism in the NE and efforts in preventing and countering violent extremism in the country. 

PVE Validation Picture

ONSA, UNDP to Activate Community-Based Platforms for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism

The Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is putting measures in place to activate Community- Based Platforms for Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism across the country. 

This was disclosed on Thursday 19 March, 2020 in Abuja by representative of the National Security Adviser, Mrs Aisha Garba who is the Head of Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism at the Counter Terrorism Centre, during a validation meeting of the study on Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) and selected states in Nigeria. The validation demonstrated the depth of commitment by the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) to addressing the threat of violent extremism in the country. 

The Community-Based Platforms for PCVE is a priority identified by the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). It will involve integration of Strategic Communication into PCVE through advocacy and dialogue across the states to prevent violent extremism through partnership with the Nigeria Governors’ Forum. 

The is part of efforts towards the implementation of the Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism launched in 2017 by President Muhammadu Buhari. The project will further deepen the ongoing efforts at engaging communities and building resilience across the country. 

Chemical Abuse

Nigerian Government Initiates Strategies to Checkmate Criminal Elements from Chemical Abuse

The Nigerian Government has initiated strategies to regulate criminal elements including terrorists from accessing chemical substances that could be used for explosive devices.

This was disclosed at a five-day conference on National Chemical Security in Abuja with the theme: ‘Towards a Secured Importation, Distribution, Storage and Use of Chemicals in Nigeria’.

The National Security Adviser (NSA) Major General, Babagana Monguno (Rtd.), who was represented by the Coordinator Counter Terrorism Centre, ONSA, Rear Admiral, YEM Musa, said the increasing spate of attacks by terrorists in the region is linked to the use of hard drugs.

The Coordinator stated that “in response to this ugly phenomenon, we have extended our counter IED efforts beyond control of explosives and precursor materials to include the human aspect of the threat, which is the motivational factor.


“We have identified that most of these violent crimes, such as person-borne IEDs, are perpetrated under the influence of drugs.’’ He added that to curtail the surge in drug-related violent extremism and others, “the Centre had included certain drugs often abused and their various precursors as chemicals of concerns.”

CCTC further said that those drugs required strict control measures for their importation, manufacture, distribution, storage and usage. He revealed that Nigeria has included counter IED initiatives in its National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST).

The Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Ibok-Ete Ibas, represented by Rear Admiral A B Adamu, assured Nigerians of the role of the Navy to checkmate the importation of harmful chemicals to the country.

In her remarks, the Director General of NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, said the time has come for the Federal Government to declare emergency in the drug and chemical sectors of the country’s economy in view of its porous borders.

Also, Mr. David Centofante of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) emphasized the need for collective effort to control the use of chemicals. He added that such effort was necessary to prevent such substances from getting into the hands of criminal elements and terrorists.

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Preventing Chemical Abuse: Experts Seek Regulation of Chemical Sales and Movement

As part of measures to combat chemical abuse, the Federal Government through the Office of the National Security Adviser has issued a communique where it was said that operatives of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency and the National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and control be deployed in land borders, seaports and airports.

The communique which was issued on Friday 16 March 2018, after a Chemical Security Training Conference in Abuja, stated that such measure was to check the increasing smuggling of chemical weapons, harmful drugs and substances into the country by criminal elements.

The conference was organised by the Counter Terrorism Centre at the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA), in collaboration with the Chemical Security Programme (CSP).

The Communique revealed that it was also agreed that officers of the Nigeria Customs Service and the Nigeria Immigration Service must be trained on recognising explosives, accessories, drugs, narcotics, fertilisers and other chemicals of concerns.

The communique issued at the end of the training conference partly read “Considering the increase in cases of smuggling of harmful drugs, narcotics and other chemicals of concerns into Nigeria, it is agreed that NAFDAC and NDLEA should be deployed at the airports, seaports and other land ports in Nigeria, to work with other border agencies in chemical anti-smuggling enforcement.

Conscious of the need to enhance knowledge in identification of drugs, narcotics, chemicals, explosives and fertilizers on the part of the border agencies, it was agreed that NCS, NIS, AVSEC and NPA personnel deployed at all land, sea and air border posts should be given awareness on explosives, accessories, drugs, narcotics, fertilizers and other chemicals of concerns.”

Speaking at the closing of the training conference, The National Security Adviser (NSA) Major General, Babagana Monguno (Rtd.), who was represented by the Coordinator Counter Terrorism Centre, ONSA, Rear Admiral, YEM Musa, said the detection of drugs and chemical weapons could only be done by well-trained and motivated personnel from the security and relevant regulatory agencies.

The NSA further explained that to defeat the Improved Explosive Device networks of criminal elements and insurgents, the acquisition process and other critical phases needed to be effectively disrupted.

Coordinator, Counter Terrorism Centre (CCTC), Commodore YEM Musa addressing participants at the recently held NACTEST Secure Pillar quarterly meeting and training workshop held in Abuja.

National Security Adviser Urges Ministries Departments and Agencies to Establish National Counter Terrorism Strategy Desks

As part of measures to intensify effort in the fight against terrorism through the Whole-of-Society Approach, the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) in partnership with the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA) recently convened a three-day quarterly meeting and training workshop of National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST) Secure Pillar to strengthen capacity of the members of National Working Group.

In his keynote address at the event, the National Security Adviser (NSA) Major General Babagana Monguno (Rtd), urged Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) to establish desks to drive NACTEST implementation.

The National Security Adviser, who was represented by Brigadier General Emmanuel Ndagi, explained that the NACTEST document which was launched in 2016 by President Muhammadu Buhar i(GCFR), recognised MDAs, Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs) and other critical stakeholders as its driving force.

He commended NIMASA for partnering with ONSA to convene the workshop as well as the Agency’s contribution towards the fight against terrorism and general insecurity especially in the maritime domain within the country. He furthermore, called on other MDAs to emulate NIMASA by taking practical steps towards implementation of the NACTEST Document in their respective Agencies.

L-R Head NACTEST at Counter Terrorism Centre (CTC) Mr. Alhassan Hussain, representatives of the EU Delegation in Nigeria Mr. Uwe Brettschnader and Principal Staff Officer Liaison-Counter Terrorism Centre, Office of the National Security Adviser, Lt Col. Umar F Abubakar.

Meanwhile, the Director-General of NIMASA, Dr. Dakuku Peterside, represented by Mr. Ali Ndabawa said every effort in the fight against terrorism was required for the overall success of the counter terrorism strategy. He called for collaboration and synergy amongst security agencies as a panacea to defeat terrorism in Nigeria.

The Coordinator, Counter Terrorism Centre (CCTC), Office of the National Security Adviser, Commodore YEM Musa, reaffirmed ONSA’s unflinching support towards all initiatives aimed at combating terrorism and violent extremism in the country.

He appealed to participants at the workshop to put into practice what they have learnt during a three-day training workshop in order to advance the security in the country.

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President Muhammadu Buhari launches Nigeria’s Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism

President Muhammadu Buhari yesterday launched the Nigeria’s Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism at the Council Chambers, of the State House in Abuja, reaffirming Government’s commitment in addressing all the root causes of violent extremism in the country.

While speaking during the launch of the new policy document, the President stated that, as a free, peaceful and enterprising nation, majority of Nigerians were against the twisted ideology of terrorists. “This Policy Framework and National Action Plan is a complementary approach developed through consultation with Nigerians in and out of Government. We are committed, also, to implement the Framework through a Whole-of -society approach involving all Nigerians” the President said.

He further noted that through the immense sacrifices of the Nigeria Armed Forces and Security Agencies, Boko Haram has been massively decimated and pushed out of communities where they had found sanctuary. “We must now, working together, focus on rooting out hate, misinterpretation of religion and violence in our society”.  He added.

The President, however, called on stakeholders at the State and Local Governments to emulate the Federal Government by developing Action Plans for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism at the grassroots. The President equally urged Civil Society Organizations and International Institutions to be guided by the principles enshrined in the Policy Framework and National Action Plan. 

On his part, the National Security Adviser, Major General Babagana Monguno (Rtd.), disclosed that Nigeria is one of the few countries in the world that have developed the Policy Framework, which was showcased on the Sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly held in September 2017, in New York.

He explained further that the country’s effort was overwhelmingly appreciated during the Global Solutions Exchange Side Event, where several donors indicated their willingness to partner with Nigeria in implementing the National Action Plan.

According to the National Security Adviser, the Policy Framework and National Action Plan rested on four major objectives which dictates its priority components. These areas include: Strengthening institutions and coordination in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism, Strengthening the Rule of Law, Access to Justice and Human Rights, Engaging Communities and Building Resilience, and Integrating Strategic Communication in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism Programmes.

The Policy and National Action Plan were collaborative efforts which involved wide consultations within and outside the country.

From left: The National Security Adviser, Major General Babagana Mohammed Monguno (Retired), Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, and representative of Chief of Defence Staff, Major General  A Mohammed at the Public Presentation of Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Abuja on Tuesday.

Nigerian Government Presents Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism to Members of the Public

The Nigerian Government through the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) on Tuesday 13 February 2018, presented the Policy Framework and National Action Plan for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism to members of the public. The public presentation which took place in Abuja was attended by top government officials including the National Security Adviser (NSA) and Minister of Information and Culture.  

On 24 August 2017, President Muhammadu Buhari signed the Presidential Directive to the Policy Framework and National Action for Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism which was then launched on the 28 November, 2017.

Speaking at the public presentation, Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lia Mohhammed emphasized Government’s commitment to work closely with all the core constituencies, as defined in the Policy Framework. He added that Ministry of Information and Culture was committed to develop narratives and communication strategies that will completely dismantle and neutralize Boko Haram ideology and messages.

The Minister disclosed that at least 30,000 hostages kidnapped by the Boko Haram extremist group, including women and Children, have been rescued by the military. He added that, more than 100 Chibok girls have so far been rescued. He also restated government’s commitment to the safe return of the remaining Chibok girls, who will be rehabilitated and reunited with their families and communities.

 The minister further averred that “part of its soft approach in tackling security challenges, our administration is engaging in dialogue with different key stakeholders in order to find possible and lasting solutions to the issue of herder-farmer conflicts, which is one of the security challenges we face today”.

While stressing the critical role of the media in the fight against violent extremism, he applauded the Nigerian Media for the role they have played, and continue to play, in the fight against the extremists group, and urged them to sustain this momentum.

In his key note address, the National Security Adviser (NSA), Major General Mohammed Babagana Monguno (Retired) said government would continue to take steps that would strengthen the Law Enforcement and Security Agencies in Nigeria to deal with the threats to national security.  

He stated that Government would not work in isolation, adding that “we require research, community engagement, involvement of the Civil Society and all stakeholders to play key roles in building a peaceful and secure country. Across the Lake Chad, we are also working with our neighbors to address common challenges”.

The National Security Adviser informed that in line with President Buhari’s focus on transparency, accountability and the rule of law, Nigeria decided to build a Policy framework that will ensure institutionalization and mainstreaming of preventing and countering violent extremism across Ministries, Departments and Agencies of Government. He disclosed that Nigeria was one of the few countries in the world that have developed the Policy Framework.

“In developing the Policy Framework, Government did not work in isolation. With a Memorandum of Understanding between the NSA Office and the Nigeria Stability and Reconciliation Programme, key stakeholders through a National Working Group were engaged. The National Working Group consisted of Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies, Civil Society Organisations, Media, Labour, Students and the academic community”. The NSA stated.

Speaking earlier at the event, the Coordinator, Counter Terrorism Centre (CCTC) Commodore YEM Musa noted that the Policy Framework, had gone through series of consultations. He added that the National Working Group which include Government MDAs, Faith Based Organizations, Community Based Organizations, women and youth contributed in shaping the ideas of the plans. “Through the policy formulation process, we learnt from each other and sharpened our understanding of the root causes of violent extremism as it applies to Nigeria. We reviewed research materials and ensured that the policy is evidence –based”, CCTC added.

The Policy Framework which will be implemented over the next three years, through the combined efforts of Governments and the Civil Society in a complementary Whole-of-Society approach, rests on four major objectives which are; Strengthening Institutions and Coordination in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism; Strengthening the Rule of Law, Access to Justice and Human Rights; Engaging Communities and Building Resilience; and Integrating Strategic Communication in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism Programme.

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Press Release on the Capacity-building Workshop on Dealing with Non-State Armed Groups, 24th-26th October 2017, Chelsea Hotel, Abuja

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, in collaboration with the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA), and the Embassy of Switzerland in Nigeria, convened a three-day Workshop aimed at building the capacity of relevant Nigerian government officials on how to deal with non-state armed groups (NSAG-s), at the Chelsea Hotel, Abuja from 24th-26th October 2017. The Workshop participants were drawn from Nigeria’s security agencies, relevant Ministries and Parastatals, such as the National Intelligence Agency (NIA), the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA), the Nigerian Army, the Nigerian Air Force and the Nigerian Navy, the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA), the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), the Ministries of Defence, Justice and Interior, as well as the Nigerian Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), and the Nigerian Communications Satellite Limited (NIGCOMSAT). Attended by specialists with expertise on countries such as Afghanistan, Indonesia, Somalia, the Lake Chad area, as well as Nigeria’s Niger Delta area, the three-day workshop afforded participants the opportunity to:

• reflect on the emergence and evolution of NSAG-s in Nigeria (root causes, enabling conditions, pathways to violence), and the range of non-military tools deployed by the state in response;
• review applicable international humanitarian law, as it relates to NSAG-s in Nigeria; review case studies of other countries (Indonesia, Afghanistan and Somalia) that have engaged armed insurgent groups and extract lessons from those experiences;
• explore best practices related to mediation and negotiation with armed insurgent groups and the reintegration of non-state armed groups as an incentive for dialogue facilitation;
• reflect on some of the critical considerations that inform engagement with NSAG-S, particularly in terms of timing, propitious conditions for launching such efforts, means to test and sustain windows of opportunity, as well as possible ways to calibrate and coordinate the different facets of government response (military, intelligence, dialogue, etc.), and;
• reflect on the regional dimensions of insurgencies in Nigeria, especially as they relate to the search for comprehensive solutions.

In their opening statements at the workshop, the conveners, H.E Eric Mayoraz, the Ambassador of Switzerland to Nigeria, Commodore Y.E.M Musa, Coordinator Counterterrorism Centre in the Office of the National Security Adviser, Nigeria, as well as Ms. Meredith Preston-McGhie, Africa Regional Director of the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD), all expressed the timeliness of the workshop and stressed the need to consider the use of dialogue as a useful tool for engaging NSAG-s.

In the course of the workshop, participants benefitted from the experiences shared on the various case studies by the lead discussants/resource persons, with the expectation that the shared experiences would impact upon the participants’ perception of – as senior representatives of various government MDAs – and approaches to dealing with NSAG-s. The exchange of ideas between the resource persons and the participants stimulated thoughts and helped them to generate new policy ideas for government’s efforts in dealing with NSAG-s in Nigeria.

At the end of the three-day workshop, a number of far-reaching conclusions necessary to ensure better engagement of NSAG-s by relevant security agencies were arrived at. Some of them include the following:

• the critical importance of policymakers’ possession of political will in order to effectively address the various threats to peace and stability in Nigeria;
• the need to create an enabling environment for political dialogue between state actors and NSAG-s;
• the importance of commitment and consensus-building by state actors in dealing with NSAG-s;
• the need to enhance the capacity of security actors in understanding and utilizing various dialogue tools;
• in seeking to utilize dialogue as a tool of engagement, the need to attempt to determine the end goals and objectives from the onset;
• the need to bridge the divide between the academic community and practice, when it comes to peace and security matters, as well as;
• the need to have a clear definition of what type of actors to engage in dialogue.

In his closing remarks at the end of the three-day workshop, Commodore YEM Musa, on behalf of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, expressed sincere gratitude to the Government of Switzerland, the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD), and staff of the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA), as well as the experts and participants, from Nigeria MDAs and Strategic institutions for the thought-provoking and engaging workshop.

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Violent Extremism: An Impediment to Make Democracy Work – Obasanjo

Former Nigeria President Olusegun Obasanjo has described violent extremism as one of the impediments that could prevent democracy from working. The former President stated this while speaking at the two-day workshop organised by Club De Madrid (CdM) in collaboration with the Office of the National Security Adviser (ONSA) and supported by European Union (UE), with the theme “Preventing Violent Extremism in Nigeria: Effective Narratives and Messaging.”

Chief Obasanjo said if grievances are not immediately resolved, it could ensue to violence. He, however, called on government to adopt a stick and carrot approach in its fight against violent extremism.

The Workshop, which was held in Abuja, Nigeria from 23-24 May 2017 was aimed at providing a unique opportunity to bridge the gap between national policies and local realities, advance multi-stakeholder dialogue and develop effective alternative narrative in Nigeria to tackle the challenges of radicalization and violent extremism.

The National Security Adviser (NSA), Maj-Gen. Babagana Monguno (rtd) who was represented by the Permanent Secretary, OSGF, Alhaji Aminu Nabegu, said addressing violent extremism required coordinated and comprehensive approaches that would address underlying structural and economic problems.

He added that “The approach must be anchored on continued political and economic growth and improvement, including good governance, strengthening institutions, especially the criminal justice system, and increasing access to jobs and education opportunities for a bulging youth population, building an inclusive administration that takes into account yearnings and aspirations of all”.

Also, the Coordinator Counter Terrorism Centre, Commodore YEM Musa who was represented by Head Preventing Countering Violent Extremism, Mrs. Catherine Udida, stated that the Federal Government had developed several policy and legal frameworks in line with global good practices aimed at tackling issues of violent extremism and terrorism in Nigeria. Some of these policies include; Terrorism Prevention Act (TPA) 201; the Anti-Money Laundering Act 2011; National Security Strategy (NSS) 2014; and the National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST) 2014.

The Coordinator further explained that as a result of Nigeria’s experience with Violent Extremism, new institutions as well as expertise had been developed. Stating that the country has revised her National Security Strategy (NSS), with short and long term strategic goals to effectively counter Violent Extremism and strengthen collaboration between Government MDAs in combating terrorism.